Erika Lee’s A Part and Apart explores the history and field of Asian American immigration and migration to the US. She argues that ” Asian exclusion laws had helped set…the United States into a ‘gatekeeping’ nation that would affect all immigrants.” Lee uses Jon Gjerde contribution to immigration history to state that ” characterization of immigrants’ ‘complementary identities’ in which European immigrants and their children could … maintain allegiances to the United Sates an to their former identities outside its borders.” A way of understanding that “contemporary migrants…as peoples by both the experiences of migration and racial prejudice.” Creating a migrational perspective in immigration and world history. Lee then talks about the history of Asian migration and to the U.S. History from the mid-nineteenth century demonstrate that Asian migrants over the world moved transnationally. She states that “some moved permanently to the United States or to other parts of North America and South America.” However, their ‘acceptance’ in American society was connected to U.S. foreign policy. After this article I learned that Asian American Immigration history is a new field that is constantly evolving. While trying to overcome racial stereotypes of Asians, this new field is using evidence economic, social, and political motivations outside or inside America to further its study.
Adam Goodman’s Nation of Migrants explores and critiques the nation of immigrants paradigm within American immigration history. Goodman quotes Dirk Hoerders’ “the gates of Ellis and Angel Islands admitted people into the population long before historians, as gatekeepers of national lore, admitted the newcomers–and resident Others–into national memory.” The author uses this understanding to demonstrate to a certain degree “gave European immigrants a privileged place in U.S. History while treating non-Europeans immigrants as secondary actors, and excluding African Americans and Native Americans altogether.” He continues on to say that the nation of immigrants myth has been dismantled over the past two decades by scholars. Who instead turned to learning the diverse origins and reasons these people migrated to the United States. Goodman focuses on a “migration-based approach—in which internal and international migrations, both short and long distances, are considered together rather than nations that have shaped U.S. history into a single narrative…” A way of understanding that “immigration, assimilation, and ethnic community formation are…important part of many migrants’ experience…” By this he means that are so many reasons why people emigrate and migrate. As well as those decisions influence their decisions and lifestyle in the new countries they emigrate or migrate to. After reading this article I understand that though America stamps on being the nation of immigrants paradigm, they are not the only nation to be qualified as one. A