Ludmilla Jordaniva’s History in Practice talks about the multidimensional disciplines that make up history. She addresses from the get go that defining history as a body of knowledge is insufficient, because history has fluid edges and that with in it there are radically different accounts of the past. The main multidimensional layers are made up of primary and secondary sources, types of history (social, political, and economic), holistic history and the effects of geographical boundaries towards history. All these layers intersect and connect to one another to gather the full picture and understanding of history.
Mark T. Gilderhus’s History and Historians discusses the historic consciousness of the modern age. He says that modern historic consciousness has been developing over the course of 500 years between the fourteenth and nineteenth centuries. Gilderhus then mentions and uses a myriad of movements (The Enlightenment), works (The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli), and historically significant people (Voltaire) to show the significance of how linked the individual and collective understandings of the past has developed over the period of 500 years. I personally thought his section about Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and his theories about history were the best example of modern historic consciousness. Since, the description of Hegel’s system of understanding history seems to be the method that most historians use today.