In the introduction of Deidre M. Moloney’s National Insecurities, the author analyzes U.S. immigration exclusion and deportation policy. She argues that “the deportation policy has served as a social filter, by defining eligibility for citizenship in the United States and fundamentally shaping the subsequent composition of the American population.” She wants to look at immigration exclusion and deportation policy from a transnational perspective. Moloney then talks about ‘race’ and its role over time in immigration policy. She states that race “when…not an explicit basis of enforcement, immigrants were subject to regulation by racially based proxy methods…regulation of disease, economic status, and religious beliefs…” However, the author says that race is not a stable concept in immigration policy, it does often intersect with labor and economic exigencies. The author eventually transitions into talking about then transitions to analyzing deportation and exclusion. She defines deportation as “the state mandated process by which noncitizen immigrants are expelled from a nation and returned to their countries of origins after residing in the state, on the basis…that they have violated immigration policy or committed a crime.” Though for exclusion she states that it “has not been a wholly separate process from deportation and makes the fine distinction among those allowed to enter the country and those turned away at the border or port of entry.” By noticing this lack of distinction between deportation and exclusion, Moloney is indicating how the fluidity between the two can muddle things up in immigration policy. The author uses Martha Gardner and Eithne Luibhead to address the impact of gender in U.S. immigration policy. Moloney does so to demonstrate how “sexual orientation and interrogative assumptions have influence federal policy and its enforcement.” After reading this article, I understand that the process of deportation in historical context, is squishy. Over time deportation and exclusion of immigrants arouse for myriad of political and economic reasons.