Wilson, Adrian. The Making of Man-Midwifery: Childbirth in England, 1660-1770. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995.

 Adrian Wilson is an Early modern medicine historian and lecturer in the History of Medicine at the University of Leeds. Wilson is also editor of Rethinking Social History: English Society, 1570-1920, and Its Interpretation. 


Evenden, Doreen. The Midwives of Seventeenth-Century London. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Doreen Evenden is an associate professor of history at Mount Saint Vincent University, Hailfax, Nova Scotia. Dr, Evenden’s doctoral thesis that developed into this book was awarded the Canadian Historical Association prize for the best doctoral thesis on a non-Canadian topic in 1991.

Toweler, Jean, and Joan Bramall. Midwives in History and Society. London: Croom Helm, 1986.

Jean Towler is Director of Nursing Services (Midwifery). Joan Bramall was formerly Community Nursing Officer at Trafford Health Authority, Manchester. Both of these Women are distinguished midwives with over 28 year’s of midwifery experience and practice.